Your blood pressure is the pressure of blood in your blood vessels or arteries. When a doctor or a nurse measures your blood pressure they record two separate figures. For example, 150/95 mm Hg – which is said as 150 over 95.
- The top number is the systolic pressure. This shows the pressure in the arteries when the heart contracts.
- The bottom number is the diastolic pressure. This shows the pressure in the arteries when the heart rests between each heartbeat.
High blood pressure also known as hypertension can increase the chance of developing heart disease, a stroke, and other serious conditions. Generally, the higher the blood pressure, the greater the risk.
High blood pressure can be brought down by improving lifestyle risk factors. For example, if you are overweight, losing weight can help. Regular physical activity, a healthy diet, cutting back if you drink a lot of alcohol, stopping smoking, and a lowering salt and caffeine intake can all help bring down high blood pressure. A doctor can also prescribe medication that can can help to lower blood pressure if they feel it is a suitable option.
For more information about Blood Pressure please see bloodpressureuk.org/BloodPressureandyou/Homemonitoring
A table for home blood pressure monitoring is provided here Home Blood Pressure Monitoring Sheet